REWAH (Princely State) (17 gun salute)

LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh AREA: 33,670.0 km˛ VILLAGES: xx POPULATION: 1,820,445 (1941) RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: Rs 60,00,000 (1934) DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Baghela PRIVY PURSE: Rs 10,00,000 SEAT: Rewa House, Mumbai ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
AGENCY: Rewah Agency 1857 - 1862; Bundelkhand Agency 1862 - 1871; Bagelkhand Agency 1871 - 1933; Indore Residency 1933 - 1947

PRESENT RULER: HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja PUSHPRAJ SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 13th Maharaja of Rewah and 36th Head of the Baghela Rajputs since 20th November 1995. (Rewa House, Mumbai, India)
born 3rd July 1960, as a Member of M.P. Legislature, he took up issues of environment in 1990 and was later appointed to the State Wild Life Board in 1994; he became a Minister in 1997 for Urban Development and Local Self Government; he formed the Bandhavgarh Foundation in 1997; while his main focus is on wildlife conservation, his interest in heritage conservation has lead to major repairs of the Rewah Fort, which had been neglected for many years; as Minister for School Education, he opened a school in the Fort named Bandhav Public School, currently (2014) he is the M.P. State Co-convener for INTACH org. and Chairman of the Bandhavgarh Foundation (Member Indian Wild Life Board, Government of India); married HH Maharani Ragini Singh, and has issue.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Predecessor state was founded circa 1140. The chiefs of Rewa were Baghel Rajputs descended from the Solanki clan which ruled over Gujarat from the tenth to the thirteenth century. Vyaghra Deo, brother of the ruler of Gujarat, is said to have made his way into northern India about the middle of the thirteenth century and obtained the fort of Marpha, 18 miles north-east of Kalinjar. His son Karandeo married a Kalchuri (Haihaya) princess of Mandla and received in dowry the fort of Bandhogarh which, until its destruction in 1597 by Akbar was the Baghel Capital. In 1298, Ulugh Khan, acting under orders of emperor Alauddin drove the last Baghel ruler of Gujrat from his country and this is believed to have caused a considerable migration of the Baghels to Bandhogarh. Until the 15th century the Baghels of Bandhogarh were engaged in extending their possessions and escaped the attention of the Delhi kings, in 1498-9, Sikandar Lodi failed in his attempt to take the fort of Bandhogarh. A Political officer was attached to the Rewah Darbar in 1857, five years later, in 1862, the Political agent in Bundelkhand was made responsible also for Baghelkhand, but in 1871, a separate agency was established at Satna, in Rewah territory. This agency was abolished as a measure of retrenchment with effect from 1st December 1931, and the Rewah State came into direct relations with the Agent to the Governor-General  in June 1933. Rulers were...
  1. Raja Vyaghradeva, 1st Raja of Marpha, he made his way from Gujarat into Baghelkhand in Northern India around 1234, and obtained possession of the fort of Marpha, 47 kilometres north-east of Kalinjar, married Rani Sindur Mati, daughter of Raja Makund Dev Chandrawat, and had issue, five sons.

  2. Raja Karnadeva, Raja of Anhilwara 1296/1304 and 1st Raja of Bandhogarh, he was attacked in 1298, by Ulugh Khan, brother of the Emperor, Alauddin, who captured and sacked the capital, forcing him to seek asylum at Devagiri where he died some years later; married Rani Padma Kumari, daughter of Rao Somadatta, the Haihaya Raja of Ratanpur, who brought him in dowry the fort of Bandhogarh, which remained the capital of the Vaghela rajputs till 1597, and had issue.

  3. Raja Sohagdeva, 2nd Raja of Bandhogarh, he is said to have founded Sohagpur; he married a daughter of the Raja of Bijaipur, and had issue.

  4. Raja Sarang Dev, 3rd Raja of Bandhogarh. married a daughter of the Parihar Raja of Barmai (Nagod), and had issue.

  5. Raja Bilas Dev, 4th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Kachhawa Raja Hira Singh of Gopalpur in Urai District, and had issue.

  6. Raja Bhimmal Dev, 5th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Suryavanshi Raja Bhagat Rai of Ratanpur, and had issue.

  7. Raja Anik Dev, 6th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Gaharwar Raja Jayaraj Singh of Bijaipur in the United Provinces, and had issue.

  8. Raja Balan Dev, 7th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of Raja Ranjit Rai of Ratanpur, and had issue.

  9. Raja Dalakeshwar [aka Dal Kishore], 8th Raja of Bandhogarh, married daughter of the Raja Rup Ram of Baiswara, and had issue.

  10. Raja Malakeshwar [aka Mal Kishore], 9th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of Raja Kishore Singh of Nagod, and had issue.

  11. Raja Bariar Dev, 10th Raja of Bandhogarh, married daughter of the Chandela Raja Parmal Dev, and had issue.

  12. Raja Ballar Dev, 11th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of Rao Hanuman Singh of Nagod, and had issue.

  13. Raja Singha Dev, 12th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Parihar Raja of Nagod, he died by drowning in the Ganges, and had issue.

  14. Raja Bhairav Dev, 13th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Tanwar Raja Kirat Dev of Narwar (probably Raja Kirat Singh who ruled Gwalior and Narwar from 1454 to 1479), and had issue. He lived around 1450.

  15. Raja Nahar Dev, 14th Raja of Bandhogarh, married a daughter of the Parihar Rao Bhagwant Singh of Nagod (possibly Lal Saheb Bhawani Singh), and had issue.

  16. Raja Bira Dev, 15th Raja of Bandhogarh 1470/1495, married 1stly, a daughter of Raja Bastan Dev, Raja of Buxar, married 2ndly, a daughter of the Rana of Chitor, and had issue. He died 1495.

  17. Maharaja Shaktivan Deo, 16th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1495/1500, married a daughter of Raja Sumer Singh Bais of Daundhiakhera, and had issue.

  18. Maharaja Veer Singh Deo, 17th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1500/1540, he founded the town of Birsinghpur, married a daughter of Mohan Singh Kachhwaha, and had issue. He died about 1540.

  19. Maharaja Virbhan Singh, 18th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1540/1555, married a daughter of Sultan Singh Kachhwaha, Rais of Gopalpur, and had issue. He died about 1555.

  20. Maharaja Ramchandra Singh, 19th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1555/1592, born about 1537, he gave shelter to Gaji Khan, the Governor of Soor, after he was attacked by Sardar Asaf Khan, which angered Padshah Akbar, who now ordered an attack on Gahora, which, together with Kasauta, fell to the Mughals; the Maharaja had in the meantime fled to Bandhogarh which became his new capital; afterwards he was granted the title of Rajendra Shiromani and the area of Itawah as a gift; married Maharani Yashoda Devi, granddaughter of Raja Kirti Singh Gaur, and had issue. He died 1592.

  21. Maharaja Virbhadra Singh, 20th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1592/1593 or 1593/1618, married and had issue. He died in 1593 as a result of a fall from his palki.

  22. Maharaja VIKRAMADITYA DEO SINGH, 1st Maharaja of Rewah 1593/1624 or 1618/1630, he succeed his father as a minor, his accession gave rise to disturbances, and Padshah Akbar of Delhi intervened, captured and dismantled the Bandhogarh fort in 1597 after a siege of eight months and the Maharaja transferred his capital to Rewah, where perhaps he only undertook the construction of palaces and other buildings, because the town had already assumed importance in 1554 when it was held by Jalal Khan son of Emperor Sher Shah, in 1602 the fort was returned to him, married a daughter of the Sirnet Raja Mandhata Singh, Raja of Bansi in Oudh, (?married, 1618, a natural daughter of Raja Badan Singh of Bhadawar, because of which he was expelled and retired to Bhadawar), and had issue, four sons. He died 1624.

  23. Maharaja Duryodhan Singh, Maharaja of Rewah in 1624 or 1602/- [NOTE]Official State lists omit this ruler, but there is no doubt as to his succession, as he is specifically mention in contemporary historys .

  24. Maharaja AMAR SINGH II, 2nd Maharaja of Rewah 1624/1640 or 1630/1643, married (amongst others), (a), a daughter of Raja Pratap Singh of Ratanpur, married (b), Maharani Chandra Kanwar, daughter of Maharaja Gaj Singhji I, Maharaja of Jodhpur, and had issue. He was killed in 1643 by Rao Amar Singh of Nagaur.

  25. Maharaja ANOOP SINGH, 3rd Maharaja of Rewah 1643/1660, born 1634, married a daughter of the Chandela Raja Mohan Singh, Raja of Agori in Mirzapur district, and had issue, three sons. He died 1660.

  26. Maharaja BHAO SINGH Ju Deo, 4th Maharaja of Rewah 1660/1690 or 1676/1695, born 1651, he constructed the Mahamritunjay Temple in Rewah Fort; married 1stly, Maharani Ajab Kunwar, daughter of Maharana Raj Singhji I of Udaipur, married 2ndly, 1668, Maharani Kunj Kumari, a daughter of Raikwar Thakur Sadan Singh of Nadan in Rewah State, and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1690 or 1695.

  27. Maharaja ANIRUDH SINGH, 5th Maharaja of Rewah 1690/1700, born as Kunwar Anirudh Singh, son of Thakur Yashwant Singh of Gudh, adopted by his uncle; married a daughter if Raja Fakir Shah, Raja of Pratapgarh, and had issue, one son. He was killed in a fight with the Mauganj Sengars in 1700.

  28. Maharaja AVADHUT SINGH, 6th Maharaja of Rewah 1700/1755, born about 1699, he succeeded to the gadi aged only six months; the state was sacked by Hirde Shah of Panna in about 1731, causing the Raja to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh; married (amongst others), (a), Maharani Ratan Kumari Devi, married (b), Maharani Sagun Kunwar, daughter of Umara-i-Uzzam Maharaja Mahendra Gopal Singh of Bhadawar, and his fifth wife, the daughter of Raja Madho Singh Sirnet of Bansi, and had issue, one son. He died 1755.

  29. Maharaja AJIT SINGH, 7th Maharaja of Rewah 1755/1809, married 1stly, a daughter of the Gaharwar Raja Anup Singh of Bijaipur, married 2ndly, a daughter of the Dikshit Raja of Goraiya in Rewah, married 3rdly, Maharani Kundan Kunwar, died 1802, daughter of Chandel Thakur Vikram Singh of Silpatra in Rewah, and had issue, one son. He died 1809.

  30. Maharaja JAI SINGH, 8th Maharaja of Rewah 1809/1835, born 4th January 1765; in 1812 a body of Pindaris raided Mirzapur from Rewa territory, and he was was called upon to agree to a treaty, in which he acknowledged the protection of the British Government, and agreed to refer all disputes with neighboring chiefs to their arbitration and to allow British troops to march through or be cantoned in his territories; married 1stly, a daughter of Gaharwar Raja Udhhat [Udwat] Singh of Manda, married 2ndly, a daughter of Dikshit Raja Madhav Singh of Goraiya, and had issue, three sons and one daughter. He died 1835.

  31. Maharaja VISHWANATH SINGH Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Rewah 1835/1854, born 1789, he was author of a number of works including the first Hindi drama, "Anand Raghunandan"; married 1stly, a daughter of the Raja of Manda, married 2ndly, a daughter if the Raja of Nagod, married 3rdly, a daughter of the Chandela Raja of Bardi, married 4thly, a Rani of the Teonga family, and had issue, one son and three daughters. He died 1854.

  32. Lt.Col. HH
                    Maharaja Sir VENKATARAMAN SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
                    (1876-1918)HH Maharaja RAGHURAJ SINGH Bahadur, 10th Maharaja of Rewah 1854/1880, born 1831 (or 1834), Maharaja Raghuraj Singh helped the British in quelling the uprisings in the neighbouring Mandla and Jabalpur districta in the mutiny of 1857, and in Nagod which is now a part of Satna district, for this, the Maharaja was rewarded by restoration to him of the Sohagpur (Shahdol) and Amarkantak parganas, which had been seized by the Marathas in the beginning of the century, Maharaja [cr.1857]; married eight wives, including 1stly, 1845, daughter of Bisen Raja of Bhadri in Oudh, married 2ndly, 1851, HH Maharani Sobhag Kanwar, daughter of Maharana Sardar Singhji Bahadur of Udaipur, married (a), HH Maharani Chandeliji, a daughter of the Chandel ruler of Silpara, and had issue, one son and several daughters. He died 5th February 1880.

  33. Lt.-Col. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Sir VENKAT RAMAN RAMANUJ PRASAD SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur G.C.S.I., 11th Maharaja of Rewah 1880/1918, born 23rd July 1876, G.C.S.I. [cr.1897], married 1stly, 1892, HH Maharani Shivraj Kumari Devi, died 1917, daughter of Maharaja Sir Radha Prasad Singhji Bahadur of Dumraon in Bihar, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Gulab Kumari, died 1913, daughter of HH Maharaja Sir Ranjit Singhji of Ratlam, married 3rdly, 1904, HH Maharani Keerat Kumari, daughter of General Thakur Bakhsh Singh Parihar of Thikana Jhagarpur in U.P., and had issue, two sons and one daughter. He died 3rd November 1918 (#1).

  34. Major-General HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., 32nd Maharaja of Rewah 1918/1946 (deposed 30th January 1946), born 12th March 1903, educated at Daly College, Indore and by European tutors at Rewah; he succeeded his father to the gadi as a minor on 31st October 1918, he was ivested with full ruling powers on 31st October 1922 by His Excellency, the Viceroy; he constructed an orphanage in 1924, founded the Bank of Baghelkhand in 1935, and had electricity installed at this time as well; he was made a K.C.S.I on 1st January 1927 and a G.C.I.E. on 1st January 1931; married 1stly, 25th June 1919 (#2), HH Bandhveshwari Shri Maharani Sahiba Samrajyi Kunwar, born 1903, died 1954, daughter of HH Maharaja Dhiraj Maharaja Sri Sir Sardar Singhji Bahadur of Jodhpur, married 2ndly, 18th February 1925 (#2), HH Maharani Ballabh Kumari, daughter of Lt.-Col. HH Umdae Rajhae Buland Makan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sir Madan Singhji Bahadur of Kishangarh, and had issue, one son. He died 13th April 1950 as a result of a fall at Bikaner House, Bombay.

  35. HH Bandhvesh Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH
                    Bahadur (1903-1950)HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja MARTAND SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 12th Maharaja of Rewah 1946/1995, born 15th March 1923, educated initially privately then at Daly College, Indore (1935/1939) and at Mayo College, Ajmer (1939/1941); elected to the Fifth, Seventh and Eighth Lok Sabha representing Rewa Parliamentary Constituency of Madhya Pradesh during 1971-1977 and 1980-1989. An agriculturist and businessman by profession, he was Raj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh. He was a very popular and active social worker. As a philanthropist, he built hospitals, dispensaries and organised camps for providing medical aid to indigent and sick people. He donated his palace at Satna and other properties for establishment of educational institutions like Banaras Hindu University and College in Satna. A widely travelled person, he evinced keen interest in the fields of sports, education, photography, archaeology and wildlife preservation. He established and developed National Park at Bandhogarh. He had served as a member of All India Wildlife Preservation Board and as the Director of Madhya Pradesh Udyog Vikas Nigam, Bhopal. He also made special efforts for development of irrigation, industries, transport, electrification and rail services in his area, President of the General Council (Daly College) 1948/1949; married 1943, HH Maharani Praveen Kunverba, born 1926, daughter of HH Maharajadhiraj Mirzan Maharao Shri Vijayarajji Khengarji Sawai Bahadur of Kutch, and his wife, HH Maharani Shri Padmakunwar Ba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 20th November 1995 at Rewah.

  36. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja PUSHPRAJ SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Rewah (see above)
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, June 2009.
1. "Who Was Who 1916–1928" ; Volume II, London 1930 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.883
2. "Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage" ; 1939 ; p.2981
3. "Rewah State Gazetteer Vol. IV. Text and Tables." Compiled by Capt. C. E. Luard M.A. (Oxon.) I.A. Lucknow. Newul Kishore Steam Printing Press. 1907.